Multi Paradigm Languages [Complete List + Concept]

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Multi Paradigm Languages [Complete List + Concept]

What is Multi-Paradigm Languages?

Multi-Paradigm Languages are languages that can use multiple Programming paradigm together. Many programming languages support Muli Pradigum programming, for example, C++ is both an imperative and an object-oriented language, Parlog is both a parallel and a logic programming language.

Concept of Multi-Paradigm programming?

The concept of multi-paradigm programming is very simple to understand, When a programming language use more than one programming paradigm it know as multi-paradigm language, and the concept of combining these paradigms are Multiparadigm programming.

In OOPs, programmers can think of a program as a collection of interacting objects, while in functional programming a program can be thought of as a sequence of stateless function evaluations. When programming computers or systems with many processors, process-oriented programming allows programmers to think about applications as sets of concurrent processes acting upon logically shared data structures

Some languages are designed to support one particular paradigm (Smalltalk supports object-oriented programming, Haskell supports functional programming), while other programming languages support multiple paradigms

Many programming paradigms are as well known for what techniques they forbid as for what they enable. For instance, pure functional programming disallows the use of Side effects while Structured programming disallows the use of the goto statement. Partly for this reason, new paradigms are often regarded as doctrinaire or overly rigid by those accustomed to earlier styles.

List of multi-paradigm programming languages

Lan­guageNum­ber of Para­digmsCon­cur­rentCon­straintsData­flowDe­clar­at­iveDis­trib­utedFunc­tion­alMeta­pro­gram­mingGen­er­icIm­per­at­iveLo­gicRe­flec­tionOb­ject-ori­entedPipe­linesVisu­alRule-basedOth­er para­digms
LabVIEW 2NoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
APL 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
ALF 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Dylan 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Sather 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Claire 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Spreadsheets 2NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
AmigaEneeded] 2NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Simula 2NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Metaobject protocols 2NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesup> NoNoNoNo
Lava 2NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
SISAL 3YesNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Erlang 3YesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
ChucK 3YesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Prograph 3NoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
Poplog 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
BETA 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
J 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Perl 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Pliantneeded] 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Tcl with itcl or XOTcl extensions 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
PHP 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
ECMAScript (ActionScript, E4X, JavaScript, JScript) 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Lua 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Tcl with Snit extension 3NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
C++ 6 (13)YesLibraryd> Library Library Library YesYesd> YesYesLibrary Libraryd> YesNoNoLibraryd> No
D (version 1.0) 3NoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Embarcadero Delphi 3NoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
E 3YesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Curry 4YesYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Java 4YesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
Python 4NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoprocedural
Ruby 4NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
OCaml 4NoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Leda 4NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesYesNoYesNoNoNoNo
ROOP 4NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNo
Io 4YesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
REBOL 4NoNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Fortran 5YesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Ada 5YesNoNoNoYesNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Windows PowerShell 5NoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNo
Curl 5NoNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
Common Lisp (some other paradigms are implemented as libraries) 5NoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
Falcon 5NoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
D (version 2.0) 5YesNoNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Object Pascal 5YesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNo
Scala 7YesNoYes YesNoYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
Nemerle 7YesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
C# 7YesNoLibraryNoNoYesNoYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoreactive
Visual Basic .NET 7YesNoLibraryNoNoYesNoYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoreactive
F# 8YesNoLibraryYesNoYesNoYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoreactive
Oz 9YesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoYesYesNoYesNoNoYesNo
LispWorks (version 6.0 with support for symmetric multi-processing, rules, logic (Prolog), CORBA) 9YesNoNoNoYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNo
Mathematica 11YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNoNoYesNo
Multi Paradigm Languages list

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